Affirmative (+): I, you, we, they have worked; he, she, it has worked - 1. Dear David!

^ Affirmative (+): I, you, we, they have worked; he, she, it has worked Negative (-): I, you , we, they have not (haven’t) worked; he , she, it has not (hasn’t) worked Interrogative (?): Have I Affirmative (+): I, you, we, they have worked; he, she, it has worked - 1. Dear David!, you, we, they worked? Has he, she, it worked?

Note 1.

Может обозначать действие, которое началось в прошедшем и длится в реальном:

^ I have known him since my childhood. Я знаю его с Affirmative (+): I, you, we, they have worked; he, she, it has worked - 1. Dear David! юношества.

I have worked with him for 10 years. Я работаю с ним уже 10 лет.


The Passive Present Perfect


Образование: have, has + been+ O3

^ Affirmative (+): I, you, we, they have been invited; he, she, it has Affirmative (+): I, you, we, they have worked; he, she, it has worked - 1. Dear David! been invited Negative (-): I, you, we, they have not (haven’t) been invited; he , she, it has not (hasn’t) been invited Interrogative (?): Have I, you, we, they been invited? Has he Affirmative (+): I, you, we, they have worked; he, she, it has worked - 1. Dear David!, she, it been invited?

Маркеры Perfect Tense


just, already, not yet, ever, never, recently, lately, etc


^ Обучаемся Гласить!


1. Прочитайте диалог и разыграйте его по ролям:


ELMER CALLS HOME

Elmer: Hello, Mom? Is that you Affirmative (+): I, you, we, they have worked; he, she, it has worked - 1. Dear David!?

Mrs. Colt: Oh, Elmer, yes. How are you? Where are you from?

Elmer: I’m fine. I’ve just arrived in Prague, Mom.

Mrs. Colt: You haven’t sent us any Affirmative (+): I, you, we, they have worked; he, she, it has worked - 1. Dear David! postcards yet.

Elmer: Yes, I have. I’ve sent one from every city.

Mrs. Colt: Have you been to Paris yet, Elmer?

Elmer: Yes, I have.

Mrs. Colt: Have you been to Vienna yet Affirmative (+): I, you, we, they have worked; he, she, it has worked - 1. Dear David!?

Elmer: No, I haven’t. We’re going to Vienna tomorrow.

Mrs. Colt: Elmer! Are you still there?

Elmer: Yes, Mom.

Mrs. Colt: How many countries have you seen now?

Elmer Affirmative (+): I, you, we, they have worked; he, she, it has worked - 1. Dear David!: Well, this is the eighth day, so I’ve already seen eight

countries.

Mrs. Colt: Have you spent much money?

Elmer: Well, uh, yes, Mom. I’ve bought a lot of souvenirs Affirmative (+): I, you, we, they have worked; he, she, it has worked - 1. Dear David!, and I want

to buy some more. Can you wire me a thousand dollars?

Mrs. Colt: All right, Elmer.

Mrs. Colt: Elmer, are you listening to me?

Elmer: Sure, Mom.

Mrs. Colt: Have Affirmative (+): I, you, we, they have worked; he, she, it has worked - 1. Dear David! you taken many pictures, Elmer?

Elmer: Yes, I’ve taken a lot. I’ve used three rolls of film.

Mrs. Colt: Have you met any nice girls yet?

Elmer: Oh Affirmative (+): I, you, we, they have worked; he, she, it has worked - 1. Dear David!, yes, Mom. There’s a girl from Texas on the tour. We’ve

done everything together.

Mrs. Colt: Elmer! Elmer! Are you still there?


Перескажите диалог от имени Элмера и его мамы Affirmative (+): I, you, we, they have worked; he, she, it has worked - 1. Dear David!.


^ II. Спросите сотруднику:





if he/she has ever been to London (Paris, abroad)

when he/she was there

if he/she has ever eaten exotic fruits

when he/she ate them

if he/she has ever lost Affirmative (+): I, you, we, they have worked; he, she, it has worked - 1. Dear David! the key to the hotel room

when he/she lost it

if he/she has ever bathed in the Black Sea

when he/she bathed last time

if he/she has ever seen Affirmative (+): I, you, we, they have worked; he, she, it has worked - 1. Dear David! big mountains

when he/she saw it

if he/she has met any interesting people

when he/she met them


^ III. Уточните информацию:

T.: They’ve given their friend a nice souvenir from Paris. (What souvenir?)

St Affirmative (+): I, you, we, they have worked; he, she, it has worked - 1. Dear David!.: What souvenir have they given?

T.: Oh, French perfume.


1. My friend has visited many Russian towns. (What towns? When? Why?)

2. I’ve spent a large sum of money. (How much? When Affirmative (+): I, you, we, they have worked; he, she, it has worked - 1. Dear David!? Where?)

3. I’ve bought a lot of souvenirs. (What souvenirs? Where?)

4. He has sent her a lot of post cards. (Why? From where?)

5. I’ve tasted all national dishes. (Where? What dishes?)

6. My friend Affirmative (+): I, you, we, they have worked; he, she, it has worked - 1. Dear David! has taken lots of pictures. (What pictures? Where?)

7. I’ve won at the casino! (How much? When? Where?)

8. My friend has lost at the casino! (How much? When? Where?)


^ IV. Прочитайте и воспроизведите Affirmative (+): I, you, we, they have worked; he, she, it has worked - 1. Dear David! диалог:


1. - Excuse me, where is the ticket office?

- Round the corner.

- Thank you. I want a round trip ticket to Boston.

- What class?

- First.

- Here it is.


2. - Porter, will you Affirmative (+): I, you, we, they have worked; he, she, it has worked - 1. Dear David! see to my luggage, please?

- Where for, Sir?

- I am going to Boston by 10 o’clock train. First class. I’d like a corner seat, in a nonsmoker.

- OK. Here we Affirmative (+): I, you, we, they have worked; he, she, it has worked - 1. Dear David! are.


3. - What time do we get to Boston?

-The train is due to arrive in Boston at 12.30.

-Thank you for the information.

- Have a comfortable journey.


^ V. Переведите высказывания на британский язык:


- Где Affirmative (+): I, you, we, they have worked; he, she, it has worked - 1. Dear David! находится билетная касса?

- It’s over there.

- Спасибо. Мне нужен билет до Глазго.

- A round trip ticket?

- Да. Первого класса.

- Here it is. The train starts at 8 p.m.

- Спасибо. Мне хотелось бы Affirmative (+): I, you, we, they have worked; he, she, it has worked - 1. Dear David! место у окна, в вагоне для некурящих.

- Hurry up, please.

- В каком часу поезд прибывает в Глазго?

- The train is due to arrive in Glasgow at 4.30 p.m.

- Спасибо за Affirmative (+): I, you, we, they have worked; he, she, it has worked - 1. Dear David! информацию!

- Don’t mention it. Have a comfortable journey!

- Спасибо.


VI. Вы собираетесь ехать в город Н. Узнайте:



VII. Вы летите в город М. Поинтересуйтесь:



VIII. Прочитайте диалог. Разыграйте его.


At a Affirmative (+): I, you, we, they have worked; he, she, it has worked - 1. Dear David! hotel


Mr. Borisov: Good afternoon. I’d like to check in.

Reception Clerk: Do you have a reservation?

Mr. Borisov: Yes, I do. I мейд a reservation by phone last night.

R Affirmative (+): I, you, we, they have worked; he, she, it has worked - 1. Dear David!. C.: Your name, please?

Mr. B.: Gregory Borisov from San Francisco.

R. C.: Would you like to spell your last name?

Mr. B.: “B” as in Bill, “O” as in Affirmative (+): I, you, we, they have worked; he, she, it has worked - 1. Dear David! Oscar, “R” as in Robert, “I” as in Irene, “S” as in Sam, “O” as in Oscar, “V” as in Victor.

R. C.: Okay. Let me see. You have a reservation for Affirmative (+): I, you, we, they have worked; he, she, it has worked - 1. Dear David! a single room. Is that correct?

Mr. B.: Perfectly correct.

R. C.: Have you already decided how many nights to stay?

Mr. B.: At least until Wednesday. But I may stay longer than that Affirmative (+): I, you, we, they have worked; he, she, it has worked - 1. Dear David!. When should I inform you about it?

R. C.: Let us know about your decision Tuesday night. You can give us a ring until 11 P.M.

Mr.: All right. What Affirmative (+): I, you, we, they have worked; he, she, it has worked - 1. Dear David!’s the price of the room?

R. C.: 75 dollars per night. Please fill out the registration card. Print your name and home address. Put your signature right here. Okay. Will you pay cash Affirmative (+): I, you, we, they have worked; he, she, it has worked - 1. Dear David! or by credit card?

Mr. B.: Cash. By the way, what about room service?

R. C.: Room service is available from 6 A.M. to 10 P.M.

Mr.: Thank you for the information Affirmative (+): I, you, we, they have worked; he, she, it has worked - 1. Dear David!.

R. C.: You are welcome. Your room is № 1215. Enjoy your stay.

Mr. B.: Thanks.


^ IX. Узнайте у портье, можно ли заказать:



^ X. Посетуйте на делему в гостинице:


order;


^ XI. Вы решили тормознуть в гостинице. Что Вы скажете, если Вам необходимо:



XII. Согласны ли Вы:


1. Travelling is the name Affirmative (+): I, you, we, they have worked; he, she, it has worked - 1. Dear David! of a modern disease, isn’t it?

2. The best part of travelling is planning the trip. Do you agree?

3. People always want to use the fastest way of travelling, don't they?

4. Future Affirmative (+): I, you, we, they have worked; he, she, it has worked - 1. Dear David! belongs to the air transport. Is it true?

5. I adore railway stations! A big railway station is a very interesting place, isn’t it?

6. I hate railway stations! They are always dirty and Affirmative (+): I, you, we, they have worked; he, she, it has worked - 1. Dear David! overcrowded. What’s your opinion?


XIII. Как Вы осознаете поговорки:


1. So many countries, so many customs.

2. East or West, home is best.


^ ДОМАШНЕЕ ЗАДАНИЕ

Поведайте о Вашей последней/ем поездке /путешествии Affirmative (+): I, you, we, they have worked; he, she, it has worked - 1. Dear David! (“My Last

Travelling”).

UNIT 7


VACATIONS


THE LETTERBOX KEY


The summer was very hot. It was very stuffy in town and Stephan Blake decided to go to the seashore for his summer holidays. He booked Affirmative (+): I, you, we, they have worked; he, she, it has worked - 1. Dear David! a railway ticket, packed his things and was about to start for the station when he remembered that he had to ask the housekeeper to post him letters he would receive Affirmative (+): I, you, we, they have worked; he, she, it has worked - 1. Dear David!. She promised to do that.

Stephan Blake rested very well. The weather was fine. The sea was calm. He spent much time on the seashore, got sunburnt and felt fine. The only thing Affirmative (+): I, you, we, they have worked; he, she, it has worked - 1. Dear David! that worried him was the fact that he had not received any letters. He thought it strange and phoned his housekeeper to find out why she hadn’t posted him his letters. The Affirmative (+): I, you, we, they have worked; he, she, it has worked - 1. Dear David! housekeeper answered that she had no key to his letterbox.

Stephan Blake apologized and promised to send her the key. On the same day he put the key into an envelope, wrote Affirmative (+): I, you, we, they have worked; he, she, it has worked - 1. Dear David! down his address on it and posted the letter.

Another month was passing. Stephan Blake had a nice time on the seashore. He swam in the sea, went boating and fishing, but didn Affirmative (+): I, you, we, they have worked; he, she, it has worked - 1. Dear David!’t receive any letters.

When his summer holidays were over he returned home. The housekeeper met him warmly, but Stephan was very angry with her. She could not understand why he was Affirmative (+): I, you, we, they have worked; he, she, it has worked - 1. Dear David! so angry. Stephan Blake asked why she had not sent him his letters.

The poor woman explained to him that she could not get the key as it was Affirmative (+): I, you, we, they have worked; he, she, it has worked - 1. Dear David! in the locked letterbox together with the letters.


^ How did Stephan spend his holidays? What worried him at rest? Why was Stephan angry with his housekeeper?


Поведайте, как отдыхал Стефан, и что Affirmative (+): I, you, we, they have worked; he, she, it has worked - 1. Dear David! его беспокоило.

Каким мог быть диалог меж Стефаном и его экономкой?


^ ЛЕКСИЧЕСКИЙ КОММЕНТАРИЙ


to have (to take) vacation

to be on vacation

to book a ticket

to pack things

to go to the seashore / seaside, to the mountains, to Affirmative (+): I, you, we, they have worked; he, she, it has worked - 1. Dear David! the country

to go sightseeing = to do sights

to buy souvenirs

to spend much time

to lie in the sun

to get sunburnt – to sunbathe

to bathe

to swim

to go boating

to go fishing

to gather mushrooms

to have a nice Affirmative (+): I, you, we, they have worked; he, she, it has worked - 1. Dear David! time

to feel fine

to enjoy

to return home

взять отпуск

быть в отпуске

заказать билет

паковать вещи

ехать на море, в горы, в

деревню


осматривать

достопримечательности

брать сувениры

проводить много времени

лежать на солнце

загорать

купаться

плавать

кататься на лодке

ловить рыбу

собирать грибы

отлично проводить время

отлично себя ощущать

получать наслаждение

ворачиваться домой



^ ПОВТОРЯЕМ Affirmative (+): I, you, we, they have worked; he, she, it has worked - 1. Dear David! ГРАММАТИКУ!


1. The Past Perfect Tense употребляется для выражения деяния, предыдущего другому действию в прошедшем.

He had lived in Kiev before he moved to Minsk.


Образование: had + O3

^ Affirmative (+): I, he Affirmative (+): I, you, we, they have worked; he, she, it has worked - 1. Dear David!, she, it, you, we, they had worked. Negative (-): I, he, she, it, you , we, they had not (hadn’t) worked. Interrogative (?): Had I, he, she, it, you, we, they worked?

The Passive Past Perfect


Образование Affirmative (+): I, you, we, they have worked; he, she, it has worked - 1. Dear David!: had + been+ O3
^ Affirmative (+): I, he, she, it, you, we, they had been invited. Negative (-): I, he, she, it, you , we, they had not (hadn’t) been invited. Interrogative (?): Had I, he Affirmative (+): I, you, we, they have worked; he, she, it has worked - 1. Dear David!, she, it, you, we, they been invited?


Обучаемся Гласить!


I. Прочитайте диалог и поведайте, как провёл отпуск Питер.


^ AFTER THE HOLIDAYS


Peter:

Helen:


Peter:


Helen:


Peter:


Helen:

Peter:

Helen:

Peter:


Helen:

Peter:

Helen Affirmative (+): I, you, we, they have worked; he, she, it has worked - 1. Dear David!:

It’s nice to see you, Helen. How are you?

Good morning, Peter. Haven’t seen you for ages. Where have you been all this time?

I’ve just Affirmative (+): I, you, we, they have worked; he, she, it has worked - 1. Dear David! arrived from Brighton. I spent my holidays at the seaside. Have you ever been there?

Yes, I was there last year. It’s a nice place, isn’t it? I hope you Affirmative (+): I, you, we, they have worked; he, she, it has worked - 1. Dear David! enjoyed yourself.

Oh, yes. I had a very nice time. The weather was fine. I swam much, lay in the sun and мейд a lot of friends.

Did you go to Brighton alone?

No, together Affirmative (+): I, you, we, they have worked; he, she, it has worked - 1. Dear David! with my cousin Dick. You remember him, don’t you?

Sure. Has he finished school yet?

Yes, he is a student at Oxford University. And how are you getting on? I Affirmative (+): I, you, we, they have worked; he, she, it has worked - 1. Dear David! haven’t heard from you lately.

I’m all right, thank you. Come and see me some day, will you?

I’d love to. My best regards to Dick. Good Affirmative (+): I, you, we, they have worked; he, she, it has worked - 1. Dear David!-bye.

Bye.


^ II. Прочитайте и воспроизведите диалоги:

I

A: We haven’t seen you for ages. Have you been ill?

B: No, I’ve been up north for a month.

A: Where exactly?

B: Glasgow. I Affirmative (+): I, you, we, they have worked; he, she, it has worked - 1. Dear David! got back the day before yesterday.

II

A: How nice to see you again. Where have you been? Home?

B: No, I’ve been at my relations’.

A: Where about Affirmative (+): I, you, we, they have worked; he, she, it has worked - 1. Dear David!?

B: I went to Newcastle to see an uncle of mine.

III

A: Come in and sit down. We haven’t seen much of you lately.

B: No, I’ve been away on Affirmative (+): I, you, we, they have worked; he, she, it has worked - 1. Dear David! holiday.

A: Where exactly?

B: Edinburgh. I’ve got a cousin there.


III. 1-ая рабочая неделя после летнего отпуска. Обеденный перерыв. Вы обмениваетесь с сотрудниками впечатлениями о проведённом отпуске.


^ Геннадий Марченко, зав. отделением Affirmative (+): I, you, we, they have worked; he, she, it has worked - 1. Dear David!: отдыхал с супругой на Канарских островах;

Нина, секретарша: была с подругой в Германии;

Андрей Степанович, хирург: отдыхал на озёрах;

^ Галина и Татьяна, медсёстры: ездили в Крым;

Миша, юный доктор: был в Affirmative (+): I, you, we, they have worked; he, she, it has worked - 1. Dear David! турпоходе в горах;

Борис Иванович, анестезиолог: провёл отпуск в деревне;

Александр, юный доктор: оставался в городке.


^ IV. Побеседуем о Ваших поездках и каникулах.


1. What interesting places have you travelled to?

2. Have you ever Affirmative (+): I, you, we, they have worked; he, she, it has worked - 1. Dear David! been abroad?

3. How many times have you been abroad?

4. What interesting people have you met when travelling?

5. What special souvenirs have you bought abroad?

7. Have you ever swum in the ocean?

8. Have Affirmative (+): I, you, we, they have worked; he, she, it has worked - 1. Dear David! you ever flown in a plane?

9. List all the places you've been to recently, all activities you've done there.


V. Поведайте, где Вы предпочитаете отдыхать: на море, в деревне, в горах Affirmative (+): I, you, we, they have worked; he, she, it has worked - 1. Dear David!, в городке. Приведите все аргументы за предпочитаемый Вами вид отдыха.


VI. Согласны ли Вы:


1. I don’t sunbathe, because it’s very bad for my skin. Is it right?

2. I hate Affirmative (+): I, you, we, they have worked; he, she, it has worked - 1. Dear David! hotels. You never feel independent there. What’s your opinion?

3. Too much relaxation is bad too. Do you agree with me?

4. There is no place more delightful than home. Do you think Affirmative (+): I, you, we, they have worked; he, she, it has worked - 1. Dear David! so too?

5. On the seashore I feel mentally and physically relaxed. What about you?

6. I enjoy every minute of my vacation. And you?


VII. Что Вы скажете, если желаете:

- выразить удовлетворенность от Affirmative (+): I, you, we, they have worked; he, she, it has worked - 1. Dear David! встречи;

- сказать, что не лицезрели кого-то целую вечность;

- спросить, где отдыхал Ваш собеседник;

- спросить, как отдохнул Ваш собеседник;

- поведать о погоде;

- поведать о том, что Вы лицезрели во время поездки;

- поведать Affirmative (+): I, you, we, they have worked; he, she, it has worked - 1. Dear David! о преимуществах поездки на самолёте, поезде, автобусе,

автомобиле;

- порекомендовать собеседнику отправиться на отдых туда, где отдыхали

Вы.


^ VIII. Прочитайте текст. Вы узнали все формы глаголов?


Seeing Off

One evening three men arrived to the station Affirmative (+): I, you, we, they have worked; he, she, it has worked - 1. Dear David! and asked the porter: “What time is the next train to Liverpool?” The porter said: “You have just missed one. But they go every hour. The next one is Affirmative (+): I, you, we, they have worked; he, she, it has worked - 1. Dear David! at 10 o’clock.” “That’s all right,” they said, “we’ll go and have a drink.”

They went to the refreshment room. A minute or two after 10 o’clock they came running Affirmative (+): I, you, we, they have worked; he, she, it has worked - 1. Dear David! and said to the porter: “Has the train gone?” “Yes,” he said, “it went at 10 o’clock as I told you. The next is at eleven o’clock.” “That’s all right Affirmative (+): I, you, we, they have worked; he, she, it has worked - 1. Dear David!,” they said, “we’ll go and have another drink.” So they went to the refreshment room.

They missed the eleven o’clock train too, and the porter said: ”Now the next train is the last Affirmative (+): I, you, we, they have worked; he, she, it has worked - 1. Dear David! one; if you miss that, you won’t get to Liverpool tonight.”

Twelve o’clock came, and the last train was just starting out when the three men came out Affirmative (+): I, you, we, they have worked; he, she, it has worked - 1. Dear David! of the refreshment room running as fast as they could. Two of them got into a carriage just as the train was leaving. But the third man did not run fast enough and Affirmative (+): I, you, we, they have worked; he, she, it has worked - 1. Dear David! was left on the platform. He stood there looking at the train and laughing. The porter went up to him and said: “I told you that this was the last train Affirmative (+): I, you, we, they have worked; he, she, it has worked - 1. Dear David!. Why didn’t you come earlier?”

The man couldn’t answer because he was laughing. Then he said to the porter: “Did you see those two men who had got into the train Affirmative (+): I, you, we, they have worked; he, she, it has worked - 1. Dear David! and had left me here?” “Yes, I saw them.” “Well, I was the one who was going to Liverpool. They only were here to see me off.”






advokat-zashitnik-v-ugolovnoe-dele-kontrolnaya-rabota.html
advokatirovanie-konkurencii-i-programmi-osvobozhdeniya-ot-nakazaniya-uchebno-metodicheskoe-posobie-prakticheskie-aspekti.html
advokatskaya-kontora-fajnerman-uollstajn.html